Data dimensions and options
The data span North America at a resolution of 36km (approximately 0.3°). The domain is centered at 38.3°N, 99.6°W, with a grid dimension of 130 x 200 points
Hourly data are available for a past (1980-1999) and future (2080-2099) time period.
Shade (%): 0, 25, 50, 75, 100 Height or depth (m): 0.03, 0.06, 0.09, 0.12, 0.15, 0.18, 0.21, 0.24, 0.27, 0.30, 0.48, 0.66, 0.84, 1.02, 1.20, 1.38, 1.56, 1.74, 1.92
Data is available at intervals of 1hr, 6hrs, 12hrs, daily, monthly, or yearly. Users can select among the following aggregation metrics across time: instantaneous, max, min, mean. We use the following conventions for time aggregation:
- For 6-hr data, the segments of time are 1-6, 7-12, 13-18, 19-00 hrs
- For 12-hr data, the segments of time are 1-12, 13-00 hrs
- A day begins in hour=1 and ends in hour=0 of the next day.
- For monthly data, a month begins in day 1 1:00am and ends at the zero hour of the next month.
- Instantaneous values are at the beginning of a segment.
Variable specifications for WRF
The available variables correspond to those of the Weather Research & Forecasting (WRF) model and the additional microclimate model. Additional details are provided in Levy et al. (2016). All variables include a time dimension and some variables include additional dimensions of height or depth above or below the surface and shade level.
|1||ALBEDO||surface albedo||dec. %||time||WRF|
|2||BGAP||gap between canopies (the fraction of area where visible solar radiation can reach the ground)||dec. %||time||WRF|
|3||FVEG||fraction of green vegetation||dec. %||time||WRF|
|4||GLW||downward flux of near-infrared radiation||W m-2||time||WRF|
|5||ISNOW||number of snow layers||time||WRF|
|6||SWDOWN||downward flux of visible radiation||W m-2||time||WRF|
|7||TAH||air temperature in canopy||K||time||WRF|
|8||Tair||air temperature||K||time, shade, height||Microclimate|
|9||Tsurface||surface temperature||K||time, shade||Microclimate|
|10||Tsoil||soil/snow temperature||K||time, shade, depth||Microclimate|
|11||TV||temperature of a leaf in the vegetation||K||time||WRF|
|12||UV||wind velocity||m s-1||time, height||Microclimate|
|13||WGAP||gap within the canopy (the fraction of visible solar radiation that can reach the ground through the canopy)||dec. %||time||WRF|
|14||TG||temperature of bulk ground||K||time||WRF|
|15||T2||temperature above bare surface (2-m height)||K||time||WRF|
|16||QAIR||specific humidity at surface (2-m height)||kg kg-1||time||WRF|
|17||SMOIS||soil water||m3/m3||time, height||WRF|
Variable specifications for ERA5
The available variables correspond to those of the Climate Data Store(CDS) Toolbox. All variables include a time dimension.
|1||100m u-component of wind||Horizontal speed of air moving towards the east, at a height of 100 metres above the surface of the Earth||ms-1||time||ERA5|
|2||2m Temperature||Temperature of air at 2m above the surface of land, sea or inland waters||K||time||ERA5|
|3||Skin Temperature||Temperature of the surface of the Earth||K||time||ERA5|
|4||Soil Temperature||Temperature of the soil at level 1||K||time||ERA5|
|5||Volumetric Soil water layer 1||Volume of water in soil layer 1 (0 - 7cm, the surface is at 0cm)||m3 m-3td||time||ERA5|
|6||High Vegetation Cover||Fraction of the grid box that is covered with vegetation||Dimensionless||time||ERA5|
|7||Evaporation||Accumulated amount of water that is evaporated from the Earth's surface||m of water equivalent||time||ERA5|
|8||Potential Evaporation||Amount of evaporation, under existing atmospheric conditions||m||time||ERA5|
|9||Surface solar radiation downwards||Amount of solar radiation that reaches a horizontal plane at the surface of the Earth||J m-2||time||ERA5|
Variable specifications for Aeris
The available variables correspond to those of the Aeris Weather. All variables include a time dimension.
|1||Temperature||Temperature in Celsius||℃||time||aeris|
|2||Solar Radiation||Solar radiation as observed from station||WM2||time||aeris|
|3||Wind Speed||Speed of wind||KPH||time||aeris|
|4||Wind Direction||Direction of Wind||cardinal coordinates||time||aeris|
We are currently serving the microclimate data in either NetCDF or CSV format. We use the following naming convention for output:
[varname]_[shade]_[height/depth]_[interval]_[aggregation]_[startdate]_[enddate]_[creation time].[nc/csv] Shade and height/depth are added to the file name only if they are part of the dimensions of the selected variable. The selection parameters are also included as global attributes in each output NetCDF file and as header information for each csv file. Output csv files have three fixed fields namely ‘datetime’ (format YYYYMMDDHH), ‘lat’(latitude) and ‘lon’(longitude) , and a column for each variable selected. The netCDF file is a compressed format that has the same information as CSV divided into variables, dimensions and attributes. The variables are the selected variables, and dimensions contain spatio-temporal information.